真相が知りたい!ニキビは遺伝する、しない、どっち?

親子三代

ニキビは遺伝するの?親がニキビに悩まされていた場合、子供にもニキビが遺伝する可能性はあるのかしら?

「親も思春期、ニキビに悩んでいたようで……」という話をよく耳にします。さまざまなパーツが親子で遺伝して似るように、ニキビのできやすさも親から子へ遺伝してしまうのでしょうか?

答えは、ニキビ自体が遺伝子レベルで親から子へ遺伝することはないものの、ニキビのできやすい状態をつくる要素が引き継がれている可能性はあります。では、その要素はどのようなものでしょうか? 以下で2つの要素を見ていきましょう。

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1.「肌質」の遺伝

親子ニキビの主な原因は古い角質で毛穴がふさがり、皮脂を栄養にしてアクネ菌が増えることです。さらに角質が厚くなると、化粧水や美容液が角質層まで浸透しにくくなり、乾燥を招き敏感な肌状態に陥ります。

敏感な肌状態を防ぐためにも重要な日々のスキンケア。そのスキンケアで使うアイテム選びの際、参考になるのが「肌質」です。肌質は先天的な遺伝の要素が強いといわれています。

たとえば、母親の肌質が脂性肌ではなく乾燥肌の場合、まったく同じではないもののベースは遺伝している可能性が高いため、保湿力の高い乾燥肌用アイテムを選ぶと合うケースが多いよう。皮膚の厚さは男女で異なるため、娘なら母親、息子なら父親というように同性の親の肌質が参考になるでしょう。

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2.「生活習慣」の継承

ニキビをつくる原因となる皮脂の過剰分泌やターンオーバーの乱れは「生活習慣」によるケースが散見されます。子供は親の習慣を見て育つため、一緒に住んでいると、就寝時間や食事も同じになる傾向があります。つまり、睡眠時間や食生活などの生活習慣は、育つ環境で似てくるといえるでしょう。

では、親から子へ継承される2 つの要素を踏まえて、どのようにニキビ対策を行えばいいのでしょうか?

 

自身の肌質を知り対策を。親のコメントが参考になることも

うるおいアイテム選びの際、百貨店や化粧品専門店のカウンターなどで測ってもらいましょう。自覚がなくても乾燥が原因で皮脂分泌量が多くなる場合もあるため、まずは水分量をチェック。その後、サンプルを試して自身の肌で使い心地を確認することが重要です。

しかし、カウンターへ行く時間がない、いろいろと試してみても効果がイマイチなこともあるでしょう。そんなときは、親の感想つきの身近なアイテムが意外と一番肌に合うケースがよくあります。これは肌のベースが親子で似ているからと考えられ、なかには親子3 代引き継がれている長寿アイテムもあるほど。親が自身と同じ年齢のとき、どんなニキビに悩んでいたのか、いつ治ったのかを聞いて参考にすることもニキビ対策に繋がりますよ。

「食」と「睡眠」を中心に見直し、生活習慣の改善を

ビタミンB2生活習慣は親子で似るものの、自分の意志次第で直せる部分です。まず気をつけたいのが「食」と「睡眠」。「食」に関しては、過剰な皮脂分泌を引き起こすお菓子や、ファーストフードなどの脂っこい食べ物は避けましょう。たとえば、皮脂の分泌を抑制して肌状態を正常に保つ働きがある「ビタミンB2」や、肌のターンオーバーを促進し皮膚や粘膜のうるおいを保つ「ビタミンA」「ビタミンB6」などを含む食べ物をバランスよく摂ると、肌の安定に繋がります。

「睡眠」に関しては、質のいい眠りにつき、細胞の再生と修復を行う成長ホルモンを分泌させることが大切です。そのためには、最も分泌が活発になる睡眠後30分から1時間ぐらいして、ノンレム睡眠(深い眠り)につくことがポイント。就寝1~2 時間前までに38~40度の熱すぎないお湯に浸かり入浴を済ませ、その後軽いストレッチを行うなどの習慣にすると深い眠りに近づけます。

枕さらに、肌に直接触れる枕カバーやシーツは細菌が繁殖しやすいため、ニキビの原因にならないようこまめに交換し、清潔にしておくよう心がけましょう。

ニキビ自体が遺伝子レベルで親から子へ遺伝することはないものの、土台となる「肌質」が遺伝したり、ニキビの原因を導く「生活習慣」が継承されることはあります。効果がありそうなスキンケア方法を親から子へしっかりと伝え、乱れた生活習慣の改善を促すことがニキビ改善に繋がりますよ!

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